Women’s sports have long been a source of contention between nations. Still The participation of girls and women in sports, physical fitness, entertainment, and exercise has been documented throughout history. Nonetheless, participation rates and conditioning vary by country, period, terrain, and stage of development of an economy. While originally being done informally, the current period of systematized sports didn’t begin to crop up for either men or women until 1945.
History of Women’s Sports
Since the early days of ultramodern, systematized sports, women have fought for equity in sports, from equal stipends among manly and womanly athletes to simply the right to take the field. From ultramodern day stars like Serena Williams, Simone Biles, and Megan Rapinoe, to the early lawyers for women’s place in sports, female athletes have been making their mark on sports grounds for centuries.
Ancient Women’s Sports
While less common in numerous societies, there were ancient women who shared in sports. In Homer’s Odyssey, he tells the story of Odysseus waking up to the sound of Princess Nausicaa and her friends playing ball with one another on a swash bank.
In ancient Greece, women played in races at some carnivals, and could win Olympic matches through equestrian events. though interdicted from all other Olympic events. Greek women played in sports as men did; wrestling, pikestaff throwing, racing, and discus were all standard for women to contend in.
Furthermore, certain tribes in Africa are known for allowing women to compete in wrestling. Women could play Laamb, a Senegalese wrestling style, up until the 20th century, when it was institutionalized and women were banned. In addition, women from the Key Faduy tribe in south central Sahara competed in a ritual competition to mark their coming of age and demonstrate their feminine power.
Native American and indigenous women also believed to have played in the same sports that men did, numerous of which were conventional, religious, or ritual events, and numerous ran races, and played in ball sports.
Victorian Age Ideals and Limitations on Women
The puritanical period in Western European societies was marked by extreme sexism. The ideal puritanical woman was gentle and frail, and any form of emphatic exertion was explosively discouraged. Myths surrounding women included the notion that sports could harm women’s reproductive organs. which would make them monstrous to men, and that they only had a finite amount of energy in their bodies. And wasting that energy on sports or advanced education would lead to weak seeds.
Despite this, in the late 1800s and early 1900s, informal athletic clubs had begun to form, and in the 1900 Olympics, 22 women competed alongside men in events similar to sailing, croquet, and equestrian sports. They also shared in tennis and field golf, which were designated as women’s only events.
In 1922, the first women’s Olympic games took place in Paris. where women competed in more physically demanding events, such as shot put and the 1000 cadence gusto. Still, there was strong pushback against women running any further than 200 yards. Longer distances would cause women to appear out of breath.
By 1920, 22 percent of universities in the US had women’s athletic programs, but most of these programs were replaced with game days and fitness classes due to pushback in the 1930s.
Title IX and the Fight For Equality
The 1940s and WWII saw the beginning of the first women’s professional sports league. with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League. Although it held strict norms for how women had to dress and act, it was considered radical at the time.
While the 1950s and 1960s saw some advancements for women in sports, particularly at the Olympic level, Where the United States sought to respond to the important athletic women that the Soviet Union had put forth to contend with It wouldn’t be until the passage of Title IX of the Education Act in 1972 that women gained equal opportunity in education and sports.
Prior to Title IX, there were fewer than 1,000 collegiate athletes in the US. By 2012, the figure had risen to,000. High school sports participation increased from,000 in 1971 to 2.8 million in 2002-03.
While equal access to sports is guaranteed under law, the fight for true equivalency continues to this day. at the Olympic position. Women who performed well were frequently subject to gender evidence examinations from the 1968 Olympics until the late 1990s. when the practice was officially abolished in 1999. In 2011, the International Association of Athletics Coalitions called for mandatory tests for high testosterone levels in female athletes. while no original testing has been demanded for male athletes.
In recent times, pay inequity in sports for female athletes has also been a point of contention. as women were earning a lower stipend as athletes in associations similar to the WNBA, USA Hockey, and the United States Soccer Federation. and earning lower prizes in competitions similar to Wimbledon and the World Surf League’s Championship Tour.
Despite walls, women have fought and continue to fight to be seen as equals in their athletic capabilities.
Moderen Era Women Sports
Currently in 2023, Women is taking part in almost all of the sports. there are many organizations that promotes women sports. like National women soccer legue, WNBA, Women Football Alliance, Women Professional Soccer. and Women are taking part in all kind of sports.